英文标题：Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of pediatric obesity: consensus position statement of the Italian Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology and the Italian Society of Pediatrics.
制定者：意大利儿科学会(Italian Society of Pediatrics)
摘要：The Italian Consensus Position Statement on Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Obesity in Children and
Adolescents integrates and updates the previous guidelines to deliver an evidence based approach to the disease.
The following areas were reviewed: (1) obesity definition and causes of secondary obesity; (2) physical and
psychosocial comorbidities; (3) treatment and care settings; (4) prevention.
The main novelties deriving from the Italian experience lie in the definition, screening of the cardiometabolic and
hepatic risk factors and the endorsement of a staged approach to treatment. The evidence based efficacy of
behavioral intervention versus pharmacological or surgical treatments is reported. Lastly, the prevention by
promoting healthful diet, physical activity, sleep pattern, and environment is strongly recommended since the
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